recent articles


EM@3AM: Multiple Sclerosis

A 33-year-old female presents with blurry vision. She has also experienced intermittent paresthesias in her extremities and weakness. Your motor and sensory exam is normal, but you find internuclear ophthalmoplegia and an afferent pupillary defect. With these intermittent neurologic symptoms and ocular findings, what is the likely diagnosis, and what is your next step in evaluation?


EM@3AM: Le Fort Fractures

An 28-year-old male presents after high-speed MVC with facial pain and loss of consciousness. He has severe facial pain and bruising, conjunctival hemorrhage bilaterally, and facial paresthesias. What is the patient’s diagnosis? What’s the next step in your evaluation?

practice updates

Lower GI Bleeding Guidelines Update

Using the shock index, CTA, DOAC reversal... The British Society of Gastroenterology recently released their guidelines on LGIB bleeding evaluation and management. This post will provide you with the key takeaways.


EM@3AM: Jaundice in Adults

A 53-year-old male presents with nausea/vomiting and complains of turning “yellow”. He denies abdominal pain, fever, alcohol use, or acetaminophen intake. His vital signs are normal, and exam reveals icteric sclerae, jaundice of his face and chest, and hepatomegaly. He has no tenderness to abdominal palpation. What’s going on, and what’s your next step in evaluation and treatment?


EM@3AM: Post-Tonsillectomy Complications

An 8-year-old male presents 7 days post-tonsillectomy. His mother states he started spitting up blood this morning. The patient appears well, but suddenly starts throwing up coffee ground emesis. When the patient stops throwing up, you look at the back of the throat and see what appears to be a clot. What’s the next step in your evaluation and treatment?