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em@3am

EM@3AM: Posterior Shoulder Dislocation

A 28-year-old male presents to the ED with right shoulder pain after falling on an outstretched arm two hours earlier. He denies history of prior shoulder injuries. On exam, he is holding his right upper extremity in adduction and internal rotation at the shoulder. He is unable to externally rotate his shoulder due to pain, and you note prominence to the posterior shoulder on exam. What is the patient’s diagnosis? What’s the next step in your evaluation and treatment?

em@3am

EM@3AM: Placenta Previa

A 37-year-old G4P3003 female at 27 weeks GA presents via EMS for vaginal bleeding. She began having brisk vaginal bleeding after coitus about 30 minutes ago and has saturated 1 pad since onset. She denies associated abdominal pain, cramping, or prior episodes of vaginal bleeding during this pregnancy. On exam, her abdomen is gravid, soft, and non-tender. On external pelvic exam, she has no visible lesions, and the maternal pad she is sitting on is about 50% saturated with blood. What’s the diagnosis? What’s the next step in your evaluation and treatment?