Category Name: em@3am

em@3am

EM@3AM: Ludwig’s Angina

A 28-year-old male presents for dysphagia and inability to handle secretions. His mouth hurts and noticed his neck looked larger than usual. He has been unable to eat for the past 12 hours due to pain with swallowing, drooling, and difficulty opening his mouth. Review of systems is remarkable for a ...

em@3am

EM@3AM: Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

A 72-year-old male presents with fatigue for months. He sometimes has prolonged bleeding when he brushes his teeth. He denies weight loss, night sweats, or any other symptoms apart from his fatigue. He has no significant past medical or surgical history, and his VS are normal. Exam is unremarkable e...

em@3am

EM@3AM: Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

A 31-year-old female presents with headache. She has a history of migraines, but states that this headache is different. The headache came on over the past two days, but she has been having intermittent double vision when she changes positions, which is new. Exam reveals an obese female in no acute ...

em@3am

EM@3AM: Hypernatremia

A 61-year-old male presents in middle of July with altered mental status. The patient's son states the patient has been increasingly weak for the past three days. The patient has been having multiple episodes of non-bloody diarrhea with associated decreased appetite. Initial triage vital signs incl...

em@3am

EM@3AM: 5th Metatarsal Fractures

A 23-year-old female presents with left foot pain after rolling her ankle in volleyball. She has some minor ankle pain, but her lateral foot is painful to touch or with weightbearing. On exam, the base of her 5th metatarsal is tender to palpation, with swelling and ecchymosis. What are your next steps, and what is the likely diagnosis?

em@3am

EM@3AM: Hernia

A 61-year-old male presents with lower abdominal pain on the right side. He says “I’ve had this bulge in my groin on the right for two days”. You find a small bulge in the right groin, but with no redness or discoloration of the skin. Palpation reveals mild tenderness over the site. What’s the next step in your evaluation and treatment?

em@3am

EM@3AM: Gastroesophageal Varices

A 57-year-old male presents with hematemesis. He has a history of cirrhosis from alcohol abuse. He appears toxic and is rushed to the resuscitation bay.  Initial VS include T 37.2C, HR 122, BP 88/41, RR 24, SpO2 90% RA. What are your next steps, and what is the likely diagnosis?

em@3am

EM@3AM: Lisfranc Injury

A 33-year-old male comes in to the emergency department after a soccer game with right foot pain and swelling.  He has been unable to bear weight on his right foot since the injury and has noticed increased pain and swelling to the area. Physical exam reveals a patient in mild discomfort with righ...