recent articles

practice updates

Pediatric Syncope

"The key to the ED evaluation of pediatric syncope is using the history, physical, and ECG to exclude serious pathology"
Great review of pediatric syncope from Zach Radwine, MD, including red flags, an extensive differential, and normal vs. abnormal peds ECG findings.

practice updates

Aggressive BP Management in Patients with ICH

"The patient was hypertensive with SBP in 220s...a stat CT scan revealed a large intraparenchymal hemorrhage"
What's the goal BP in a patient with ICH? How quickly should that target be reached? What's the evidence? Ben Cooper, MD addresses these questions and more in this review of the recent literature.

Ask Me Anything

Ask Me Anything: Reuben Strayer, MD

Thanks to Reuben Strayer for letting us ask him anything. He covered resident education, how to think like an ED physician, practice pearls including ketamine analgesia, chest tube insertion, awake intubation and much more. Follow him at @EMUpdates or check out his latest work on

practice updates

Lipid Emulsion Therapy

"The lack of high-quality controlled human studies precludes ILE as a first-line agent for indications other than local anesthetic systemic toxicity"
Thanks to James Cao, MD for this excellent review of the literature on the use of ILE therapy in various toxicologic emergencies.

clinical cases

Mystery Bleed (M&M)

We're grateful to Mathew Miskimon, MD PhD for providing this morbidity and mortality (and improvement!) case from Janus General. Includes a nice discussion at the end on the systemic factors contributing to the outcome.