Category Name: TOXCards

FOAMTOX

Toxcard: Kratom

What is kratom and is it safe? What considerations should the emergency physician have for patients who use kratom?

FOAMTOX

ToxCard: Anthrax

How does anthrax present? What is the evaluation and treatment?

TOXCards

ToxCard: Colchicine Toxicity

Colchicine toxicity can be deadly. This ToxCard looks at the pathophysiology, evaluation, and management.

TOXCards

ToxCard: Paraquat Toxicity

Paraquat is a herbicide that is rapidly absorbed and undergoes redox-cycling with generation of ROS causing cellular dysfunction and death. Tolerate hypoxia and avoid oxygen as it can promote oxidative stress and causes further tissue damage.

FOAMTOX

ToxCard: Chasing the Dragon

Chasing the Dragon refers to the practice of heroin inhalation by placing heroin in a small square of aluminum foil which is then heated from below. As the heroin melts it turns into a reddish-brown substance that may resemble a dragon’s tail. Inhaling heroin may induce toxic leukoencephalopathy, which has no proven treatment and recovery, if any, is prolonged.