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FOAMED

Unstable Sepsis: Airway First? Not Always

Intubation, especially in the septic and critically ill patient, can, by itself, cause hemodynamic abnormalities and/or hypoxemia and hypercapnea. In some situations, it may be important to make sure that the patient is adequately prepared for intubation, both from hemodynamic and pre-oxygenation standpoints. This is a brief review of some suggestions when intubating the very ill patient in the emergency department.

practice updates

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis Author: Jennifer Robertson, MD (EM Attending Physician, Cleveland Clinic) // Editor: Alex Koyfman, MD Featured on #FOAMED REVIEW 30TH EDITION – Thank you to Michael Macias from emCurious for the shout out! Introduction Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition, defined as a septic thrombophlebitis of the cavernous sinus. It is caused […]

practice updates

Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is a common and potentially fatal emergency in early pregnancy. Its prevalence is about 2% in the general population, but is as high as 16% in women presenting to the emergency department with concerning symptoms. Ectopic pregnancy is a cause of pregnancy-related death and can also lead to chronic pelvic pain, need for blood transfusions, and long-term infertility. Because of the potentially devastating outcomes, it is imperative that emergency physicians diagnose ectopic pregnancy early and refer patients to the proper specialist care. [...]

practice updates

Acute Aortic Dissection

Aortic dissection is a life-threatening yet infrequent diagnosis, estimated at about three cases in every 100,000 person years (1,2). Because of its low frequency and emergency nature, large randomized controlled trials are difficult to conduct (3). Thus, the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD) was established in 1996 to obtain up-to-date data on patients with acute aortic dissection. Currently, 30 large referral centers in 11 countries participate. Most novel research on aortic dissection is based on IRAD data. [...]

practice updates

Concussion Update

Concussion is a type of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) that classically occurs in sports-related incidents but can be due to any traumatic force to the brain. The term concussion stems from the Latin word, concussus, which means “to shake violently." While sport is the most common cause of concussion in children, the most common causes of concussion in adults are falls and motor vehicle accidents. Young children have the highest rate of concussions in all age groups. [...]

practice updates

Cauda Equina Syndrome

"Recent studies have suggested that the timing of surgery may be less important for overall outcomes. Rather, outcomes may be more related to the extent of cord compression at presentation"

Jennifer Robertson, MD, MSEd brings us an update on cauda equina syndrome, including making the diagnosis, timing of surgery, and medicolegal risks.