recent articles


EM@3AM: Hemoptysis

A 55-year-old male presents with shortness of breath, cough, and blood-tinged sputum. He states that he has been fighting off a cold over the past week, but noticed increasing cough over the past several hours, sometimes tinged with blood. He denies any other symptoms, appears well, and has a normal pulmonary, cardiovascular, and extremity exam. What are your next steps?


EM@3AM: Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

A 72-year-old male presents with fatigue for months. He sometimes has prolonged bleeding when he brushes his teeth. He denies weight loss, night sweats, or any other symptoms apart from his fatigue. He has no significant past medical or surgical history, and his VS are normal. Exam is unremarkable except for one hemorrhagic bullae on his oral mucosa. He has no lymphadenopathy or hepatosplenomegaly. What are the next steps in management?


EM@3AM: Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

A 31-year-old female presents with headache. She has a history of migraines, but states that this headache is different. The headache came on over the past two days, but she has been having intermittent double vision when she changes positions, which is new. Exam reveals an obese female in no acute distress. Visual acuity is normal, but she has mild left sixth nerve palsy. Fundoscopic exam reveals bilateral papilledema. The rest of her neurologic exam is unremarkable. What are the next steps in management?