recent articles


EM@3AM: Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage

A 65-year-old male presents with altered mental status and right sided weakness. Symptoms began approximately two hours earlier when the patient began to complain of a severe headache. He has become more confused and is now unable to walk normally. Vital Signs: BP 202/98, HR 89, RR 12, T 36.7, SpO2 98% RA. Exam reveals an uncomfortable gentleman who is able to state his name, but unable to give the correct date or his location. He has profound right sided weakness in both upper and lower extremities. What's your next step?


EM@3AM: CNS Toxoplasmosis in HIV/AIDS

A 31-year-old male presents for headache for the past 72 hours. He has a history of tension headaches, but confirms that this headache feels different. He has a history of HIV/AIDS and is noncompliant with medications. His last known CD4 count one month prior was 200. He appears confused and is febrile. Neurologic exam reveals motor deficit of RUE and RLE. What's your next step?