Category Name: em@3am

em@3am

EM@3AM: DVT

A 28-year-old female presents with right lower leg swelling and redness. She just returned from an overseas flight. She denies chest pain or shortness of breath. VS are normal, and her right lower leg is swollen, with diameter > 3 cm compared to her left. What’s the next step in your evaluation and treatment?

em@3am

EM@3AM: Toxic Megacolon

A 28-year-old male presents with abdominal pain, diarrhea, distension, and fever. He has a history of ulcerative colitis. Vital signs include BP 97/58, HR 121, T 100.9 Oral, RR 24, SpO2 98% on RA. Exam reveals a patient who appears systemically ill, and his abdomen is diffusely tender. His bowel s...

em@3am

EM@3AM: Small Bowel Obstruction

A 63-year-old female presents with abdominal pain, decreased bowel movements, nausea, three episodes of vomiting, and abdominal distension. She has a history multiple abdominal surgeries. Exam shows abdominal distension and generalized tenderness, but no peritoneal signs. What are your next steps?

em@3am

EM@3AM: Acute COPD Exacerbation

A 58-year-old male presents with severe shortness of breath, productive cough, and decreased ability to ambulate at home. He has COPD and is on oxygen at home. Several days ago he noted worsening congestion, myalgias, and cough. He is now severely short of breath and unable to complete his activitie...

em@3am

EM@3AM: Myocarditis

A 18-year-old male presents with chest pain and shortness of breath for several days. Approximately one week prior he was suffering from myalgia, congestion, sore throat, and fever and was diagnosed with an upper respiratory infection. Today his vitals are HR 132, RR 28, BP 92/48, T 37.8 C, and Sats 95% on RA. What should you consider, and what are your next steps?

em@3am

EM@3AM: Urinalysis/Urine Dipstick Components

A 62-year-old ­­­­­­­­­female patient presents with dysuria and frequency. You quickly order a urine dipstick. What do you need to consider when interpreting the urine dipstick/urinalysis?

em@3am

EM@3AM: Diabetic Foot Ulcer

A 58-year-old morbidly obese female patient with uncontrolled diabetes and peripheral arterial disease presents with an open wound to the central plantar aspect of her foot. She reports no pain, does not recall an injury, and is not sure how long she has had the ulcer. On exam, there is a 3.5 cm c...

em@3am

EM@3AM: Pulmonary Hypertension

A 65F presents to your ED with chest pain and shortness of breath. Her symptoms have been going on for several months and have been progressively worsening. She states that she has felt this way since she was diagnosed with a “blood clot in her lungs” several months ago. VS include T 37.5C, HR 1...